Land Use and Agriculture in the Congo Basin

The Congo Basin forests are inhabited by 30-70 million people, many of whom are dependent upon forests for firewood, hunting and shifting cultivation. Amongst the countries of the Congo basin, approximately 59% of the population is rural. Most sources describe the Congo basin to include 530 million hectares of land and 200-300 million in forest, depending on the definition of forest / woodland.

Of the forest land, 44 million hectares (8%) is in logging concession. Of this figure, approximately 15 million ha in the DRC are in forest concession, 14 million in Gabon, and 8 million in Cameroon (see more at WRI – Congo Basin Forest Atlases). Agricultural land is difficult to define in the Congo basin, where native peoples practice shifting cultivation and small scale agriculture across the forested landscape. The UN estimates 10% of the DRC and the Central African Republic are agricultural land; 20% for Gabon and Cameroon, and 30% for the Republic of Congo.

A recent deforestation study calculated the average deforestation rate in the moist tropical forest of Central Africa to be 2.5% from 2000 to 2012, or average annual rate of 0.2%, much lower than that of surrounding dry forest countries of Africa or countries of the Amazon basin. Interestingly, these figures are quite different from some of the FAO reported deforestation figures for Central Africa; deforestation in Cameroon for example is listed at 1.02% and 1.07% for 2000-2005 and 2005-2010, but only 0.08-0.10% by Hansen et al. In many countries of the Congo basin, urbanization is increasing rapidly, partially due to growth in the oil and mineral sector, reducing pressure on native forests. Studies have shown that deforestation in the Congo basin is significantly higher near roads, urban areas, and areas of high rural population.

Read about the different land uses in the Congo basin –


Sources:

Hansen, M. C., Potapov, P. V., Moore, R., Hancher, M., Turubanova, S. A., Tyukavina, A., … & Townshend, J. R. G. (2013). High-resolution global maps of 21st-century forest cover change. Science, 342(6160), 850-853.

Forest Resources Assessment 2010. Food and Agriculture Organization, 2012. Rome.

Megevand, Carole. 2013. Deforestation Trends in the Congo Basin: Reconciling Economic Growth and Forest Protection. Washington, DC: World Bank.

Rudel, T. K. (2013). The national determinants of deforestation in sub-Saharan Africa. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 368(1625), 20120405.

The Forests of the Congo Basin - State of the Forest 2010, Eds: de Wasseige C., et al. 2012. Publications Office of the European Union. Luxembourg. 276 p.

World Bank databank. Accessed May 13, 2014

Zhang, Q., Justice, C. O., Jiang, M., Brunner, J., & Wilkie, D. S. (2006). A GIS-based assessment on the vulnerability and future extent of the tropical forests of the Congo Basin. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 114(1-3), 107-121.